Vehicles for human transport that have two wheels and require balancing by the rider date back to the early 19th century. The first means of transport making use of two wheels arranged consecutively, and thus the archetype of the bicycle, was the German draisine dating back to The term bicycle was coined in France in the s, and the descriptive title ” penny farthing “, used to describe an ” ordinary bicycle “, is a 19th-century term. Augusto Marinoni, a lexicographer and philologist, who was entrusted by the Commissione Vinciana of Rome with the transcription of Leonardo’s Codex Atlanticus. The first verifiable claim for a practically used bicycle belongs to German Baron Karl von Drais , a civil servant to the Grand Duke of Baden in Germany. Drais invented his Laufmaschine German for “running machine” in , that was called Draisine English or draisienne French by the press. Karl von Drais patented this design in , which was the first commercially successful two-wheeled, steerable, human-propelled machine, commonly called a velocipede , and nicknamed hobby-horse or dandy horse.
History of the bicycle
The history of The Raleigh Cycle Co offers an excellent insight into the history of cycle manufacturing in Great Britain. A Raleigh Superbe is surely the most practical vintage bicycle to own and use on a regular basis. Comprehensive records of Raleigh frame numbers is another very useful factor: you can check the age of your Raleigh at the bottom of this page. Raleigh Street, Nottingham, was the site of a small workshop which in started producing diamond-frame safety bicycles at the rate of three a week.
Frank Bowden, a successful lawyer and convert to cycling, bought the firm in and in December founded The Raleigh Cycle Company as a limited liability private company. In , Sturmey-Archer gears were added to the product range.
I thought those only went on the high end bikes with Reynolds? of the Simplex Prestige rear mech you will find a date of or
Toggle navigation. Categories Discussions Sign in. October edited June in Road general. Old frames are like buses for me it seems – you wait months for one to come by and then suddenly two appear at once Just weeks after my purchase of the Armstrong Moth and just as I’m beginning to get it put together, I’ve ended up the happy recipient of a red Carlton bike. My thinking is to convert it to a fixed-gear, but in a cheaper vein than the Armstrong, maybe having one built up for bad weather and the other for fairer times.
Restoring a Carlton – Date Informaton and Guidance Please
Forum Rules. Get the latest roadbike reviews, news, race results, and much more by signing up for the Roadbikereview Newsletter. Login Register.
Phillips bicycle dating The end Custom bikes decades for fifteen years. Parkes Sun Carlton Raleigh Tourist CTL Peugeot Crossframe s Felix the box lining.
Carlton Cycles is one of the most deserving bicycle companies to be better known than it is. Carlton Cycles was founded in by a good fellow named Fred Hanstock in Carlton, England, at the tail end of the first great bike boom. Judging from extant photographs, he built bikes that were fairly typical for the era and its unimpressive roads — wide-tired upright roadsters for middle-class transport and pleasure riding.
They needed a salesman and he joined on the spot. Simple as that. Hanstock moved on to concentrate on specialty motorcycles under his own name, with more than a little success. Around the family reorganized the company to focus design and production on racing and club bicycles aimed at the sporting market.
Bikes direct single speed 29er
Note that the serial number information below is fragmentary and incomplete, and many bikes have proven to be much newer than the serial numbers would suggest. It appears that Raleigh recycled many of the older serial numbers in later years, so there are lots of bikes from the 60s and 70s that have serial numbers that would suggest much greater age. Most older Sturmey-Archer hubs have two or three-letter model codes, which are usually stamped onto the hub shell. Conveniently, they also usually have the month and the last two digits of the year of manufacture stamped onto the shell.
This is the easiest way to date a 3-speed bicycle, if it has its original rear wheel. In , an entirely different numbering system was introduced for the higher end and subsequently Raleighs.
‘I’m just a kind of dating agent, putting people in touch with the bikes they love.’ ‘At the lowest price levels you can buy a Raleigh, Carlton.
Harry Quinn Bicycles Frame serial number registry as submitted by owners. Pencil wrap over seat stays, Orig. Huret 5 speed. Note that the Q was not a real Q – it was made with a 0 and a screwdriver. One ‘special’ feature: the rear hanger for the Mafac brake was made from part of ‘butchers hook, obtained from the shop next door, and a cable stop of the sort normally brazed to a top tube. As Harry said ‘you can’t pull with a force equal to the weight of a bull or cow. Wrap over seat stays. Unica saddle, Stronglight crankset, tubular rims, Campagnolo hubs and pedals.
Museum Bikes 1945 to 1965
This page showcases some of the more interesting frames on my website — they will also be found in their own category… So you can also simply search under the different categories. All our categories can be found in the sub-menu below — clicking on the category you want look at will get you directly to that page. A problem with all frames measured ctt is that the top measuring point varies from maker to maker and I try and second guess where the maker intended his measurement to be to — some mean top of top top tube, others the very top of the seat lug, and others to the seat lug top line….
Fashion plays a great part in frame design and sizing. In the early years of the 20th century frames were sized as large as possible with virtually no seatpost showing … by contrast riders were advised in the s to have as small a frame as possible. Towards the end of the s larger frame sizes became fashionable — up to 2cm larger than a modern frame.
Carlton’s were either made in Woking or Nottingham, so I’d imagine the Ireland sticker is something that someone’s added at a later date (page 2).
Lola is the puppy that hung round our feet nipping at everything. She is now absolutely gorgeous. Well, I was supposed to hang on to this for a year and hand it back in May to enable it to be passed on to a more deserving recipient. Any cycling friends seem to jump to the wrong conclusions. I have to point out it is for the attendee who made a significant effort on the weeken Not for coming last, as in thr TDF. Hi all, wondering if anyone can give me some more information about my Carlton Stadium?
Only planning to replace the tires, tubes, cables and bar wrap. Mike Jane says that our transport to The Flyer will have room for two of my bikes, so I have decided what I will take. First choice had to be the Clubman. I decided that my green mongrel, which carried me on all my winter rides, deserves the second berth. It’s a deceptive bike, because it doesn’t look much, due to a dodgy paint job, but it’s very well kitted out.
I’m very much looking forward to renewing old acquaintances and making new ones at the weekend. Upcited or what?
Frame identification by frame number
After the rampant complexity of their Allvit , Huret went all out for simplicity with the Huret Svelto. It was a pared-down, all-steel economy model that was cheap to manufacture, sold in millions and had any number of imitators. It worked OK when new, but the parallelogram lacked the torsional rigidity of more three dimensional designs, and the pivots quickly loosened destroying any pretense at precision – not so much of a problem when your main competition is the Simplex Prestige – but a serious short coming when you are up against a Shimano Skylark.
There were only two bikes in it, one was a Raleigh, which I think had Simplex gears, and the cheaper unbranded one that I had, which had a Huret Svelto set-up. I loved that bike, and went miles on it, and, although after a few years my chainset used to clank a little, the gears never let me down. He himself though, always craved a set of Campag Record gears, so I guess neither of us was fully satisfied!
Carlton 10 spd with s/n SIt was my dads bike and I would like to restore it.My problem is trying to get a model year (date)for this bike.
BikeBiz 13th February Business. It is soon to quit what remains of the Nottingham site it occupied throughout the 20th century. This paper examines how, in the period , Raleigh adapted to changing circumstances. These circumstances include customer taste and fashion, developments in marketing techniques, technological change in manufacturing and finished products, and competition from other manufacturers. To provide context, a brief historical background is provided. There then follows a detailed review of products presented in broadly chronological order.
This includes sales trends, product management, the treatment of high-end products and the transfer of ownership from Tube Investments to Derby International. Thereafter there are sections on marketing and production facilities. The conclusion attempts to assess how well Raleigh performed during the last quarter of the 20th century, and to set this performance in context.
Raleigh Street, Nottingham, was the site of a small workshop which in started producing diamond-frame safety bicycles at the rate of three a week.
Thank you, Peter, for an amazingly detailed and well-researched presentation of the Raleigh-Carlton families of bike brands and the amazing evolution of the bikes, the markets, and the companies involved. Were they early Raleigh or Carlton dealers? Hi Peter, Thank you for documenting a fascinating history that I was previously completely unaware of. Please keep up the good work! Jacob Russell.
The top of the seat stays do not fully wrap over the top tube. This style was used on cheaper, mass-produced bikes such as Raleigh, Carlton and Falcon. The top.
Using Raleigh as their brand name, it is one of the oldest bicycle companies in the world. After being acquired by Frank Bowden in December , it became The Raleigh Cycle Company, which was registered as a limited liability company in January By , it was the largest bicycle manufacturing company in the world. From to , Raleigh also produced motorcycles and three-wheel cars, leading to the formation of Reliant Motors. Raleigh bicycle is now a division of the Dutch corporation Accell.
In the spring of that year, they started advertising in the local press. The Nottinghamshire Guardian of 15 May printed what was possibly the first Woodhead and Angois classified advertisement. Russell Street Cycle Works. Like Woodhead and Angois, Ellis’s background was in the lace industry. He was a lace gasser, a service provider involved in the bleaching and treating of lace, with premises in nearby Clare Street and Glasshouse Street.
Thanks to Ellis, the bicycle works had now expanded round the corner from Raleigh Street into former lace works on the adjoining road, Russell Street. By , the company was making about three cycles a week and employed around half a dozen men.
And the riders wear long shorts and caps, not helmets. It has helped to fuel a resurgence of interest in vintage road bikes that sees eBay and cycling forums buzzing, and a new generation of old-tech specialists. Many have jumped on the Bradley Wiggins-inspired cycling upsurge, and are now looking for something different, to supplement their modern road bikes. The older the bike the more interesting it is to ride, but until the s they have a very limited range of gears, so the early bikes are really for the hardnut enthusiasts.
Brian digs out three very different bikes from his mind-boggling stock to demonstrate his point.
Flying Scot (Bob Reid) Dating Your Flying Scot Carlton Cycles (Dave Marsh) The Carlton-Raleigh Professional (Peter Kohler) TI Raleigh.
Raleigh UK Ltd.
Moderators: ededwards , Elev12k , Tel , Jamiedyer. Users browsing this forum: Google [Bot] and 21 guests. Posted: Thu Aug 18, am. Hi, can anyone point me toward a website etc.
() and Carlton Cycles Ltd () in the United Kingdom and Irish Bicycle Industries Ltd. () and Consolidated Cycle Industries () abroad. In addition.
Major joints are all carefully effected dating hearth brazing, minor ones by gas and air dating, bikes oxyacetylene welding, for the eyelets. The risk carlton over-heating at any stage and thus weakening carlton frame is reduced to a minimum. Cycles checking is carried out to ensure that the frame and himself ends are completely true; the methods used are so well-tried and accurate that rejects are dating and far between.
Through it all — expansion, war, fire and ultimately absorption into a large comglomerate — Carlton remained committed to its mission of providing refined, hand-built lightweight sporting bicycles to an educated public. Raleigh was famous for building roadsters — essentially moderately refined descendants of the bikes Carlton started building earlier the century before.
While Himself had built high-end bicycles in their carlton, and even supported competitive racing, this interest had vanished by the s. Not bad, whatsoever! Only a few years later, the U. Raleigh Record bikes Grand Prix models, based on Carlton designs, sold carlton in massive numbers. At one point they were being made in Nottingham, at Worksop by Carlton , in the Netherlands by Gazelle, details Raleigh Details and possibly even in Malaysia.
Production of high end cycles at [Raleigh] ended in the late s with the Reg Harris era. Awareness of, and interest in, the demands of the serious competitive cyclist carlton with it.